Basis of Presentation
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2020
|Organization Consolidation And Presentation Of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|Basis of Presentation||
1. Basis of Presentation
Iterum Therapeutics plc (the Company) was incorporated under the laws of the Republic of Ireland in June 2015 as a limited company and re-registered as a public limited company on March 20, 2018. The Company maintains its registered office at Block 2 Floor 3, Harcourt Centre, Harcourt Street, Dublin 2, Ireland. The Company commenced operations in November 2015. The Company licensed global rights to its novel anti-infective compound, sulopenem, from Pfizer Inc. (Pfizer). The Company is a clinical-stage pharmaceutical company dedicated to developing and commercializing sulopenem to be potentially the first and only oral and intravenous (IV) branded penem available globally.
Since inception, the Company has devoted substantially all of its efforts to research and development, recruiting management and technical staff and raising capital, and has financed its operations through the issuance of ordinary shares and convertible preferred shares, debt raised under financing arrangements with Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) including the Paycheck Protection Program loan (PPP loan), a sub-award from the Trustees of Boston University under the Combating Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria Biopharmaceutical Accelerator (CARB-X) program and the proceeds of a private placement and subsequent rights offering pursuant to which its wholly owned subsidiary, Iterum Therapeutics Bermuda Limited (Iterum Bermuda), issued and sold approximately $51.8 million aggregate principal amount of 6.500% Exchangeable Senior Subordinated Notes due 2025 (Exchangeable Notes) and $0.1 million aggregate principal amount of Limited Recourse Royalty-Linked Subordinated Notes (the RLNs and, together with the Exchangeable Notes, the Securities). The Company has not generated any product revenue. The Company is subject to risks and uncertainties common to early-stage companies in the pharmaceutical industry, including, but not limited to, the ability to secure additional capital to fund operations, failure to achieve regulatory approval, failure to successfully develop and commercialize its product candidates, development by competitors of new technological innovations, dependence on key personnel, protection of proprietary technology and compliance with government regulations. Product candidates currently under development will require additional research and development efforts, including regulatory approval prior to commercialization.
Even if the Company’s product development efforts are successful, it is uncertain when, if ever, the Company will realize significant revenue from product sales.
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries.
On July 5, 2019, the Company filed a universal shelf registration statement on Form S-3 with the SEC, which was declared effective on July 16, 2019 (File No. 333-232569), and pursuant to which it registered for sale up to $150.0 million of any combination of its ordinary shares, preferred shares, debt securities, warrants and/or units from time to time and at prices and on terms that the Company may determine.
On January 21, 2020, the Company completed a private placement pursuant to which its wholly owned subsidiary, Iterum Bermuda, issued and sold approximately $51.6 million aggregate principal amount of Exchangeable Notes and $0.1 million aggregate principal amount of RLNs to a group of accredited investors (the Private Placement). The Securities were sold in units (the Units) in the Private Placement and Rights Offering with each Unit consisting of an Exchangeable Note in the original principal amount of $1,000 and 50 RLNs) In connection with the Private Placement, the Company agreed to undertake a rights offering of subscription rights to purchase additional Units (the Rights Offering). Under the Rights Offering, the Company and Iterum Bermuda, distributed to the Company’s eligible holders of ordinary shares and eligible warrant holders one non-transferable subscription right for each ordinary share owned (or deemed owned in the case of eligible warrant holders) as of the close of business on the record date, August 5, 2020. The subscription period for the Rights Offering expired on August 31, 2020 and right holders subscribed for 220 units. As a result, on September 8, 2020, Iterum Bermuda issued and sold approximately $0.2 million aggregate principal amount of Exchangeable Notes and $0.02 million aggregate principal amount of RLNs. The Units were sold at a price of $1,000 per Unit. The Exchangeable Notes are exchangeable for the Company’s ordinary shares, cash or a combination of ordinary shares and cash, at an initial exchange rate of 1,000 shares per $1,000 of principal and interest on the Exchangeable Notes (equivalent to an initial exchange price of $1.00 per ordinary share), subject to specified limitations, which exchange rate was adjusted to 1,286.1845 shares per $1,000 of principal and interest on the Exchangeable Notes (equivalent to an exchange price of approximately $0.7775 per ordinary share) as of November 2, 2020 and is subject to further adjustment pursuant to the terms and conditions of the indenture governing the Exchangeable Notes. The RLNs entitle holders to payments based on a percentage of the Company’s net revenues from potential U.S. sales of specified sulopenem products, subject to the terms and conditions of the indenture governing the RLNs. Pursuant to the indenture governing the RLNs, the payments on the RLNs will be up to either 15% or 20% of net revenues from U.S. sales of such products, depending on the indication approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (the FDA). The aggregate amount of payments on each RLN is capped at $160.00 (or 4,000 times the principal amount of such RLN). Iterum Bermuda received net proceeds from the sales of the Securities of approximately $45.0 million, after deducting placement agent fees and offering expenses.
In April 2020, the Company began deferring payment on its share of U.S. payroll taxes owed, as allowed by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) through December 31, 2020. The Company is able to defer half of its share of U.S. payroll taxes owed until December 31, 2021, with the remaining half due on December 31, 2022.
On April 3, 2020, the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) launched a Paycheck Protection Program (the Program) established following the signing of the CARES Act on March 27, 2020. On April 30, 2020, the Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, Iterum Therapeutics US Limited, (the Borrower) entered into the PPP loan with SVB (the Lender) under the Program, pursuant to the Company receiving a loan of $0.7 million with a fixed 1% annual interest rate and a maturity of two years. Under the terms of the agreement, there shall be no payments due by the Company until the later of the date the SBA remits the forgiveness amount to the borrower or 10 months after the end of the six-month period beginning April 30, 2020 (the Deferral Period). Following the Deferral Period, equal monthly repayments of principal and interest will be due to fully amortize the principal amount outstanding on the PPP loan on the last day of the Deferral Period by the maturity date. Under the terms of the Program, the SBA will forgive the portion of loan proceeds used for U.S. payroll costs and other designated operating expenses for up to 24 weeks, provided at least 60% of the loan proceeds are used for U.S. payroll costs. The Company incurred qualifying payroll costs and other operating expenses in the 24 weeks following April 30, 2020, and has requested forgiveness for a portion of the PPP loan from the Lender. Any forgiveness of the PPP loan will be made in accordance with SBA requirements and subject to approval by SVB. No assurance is provided that the Company will obtain forgiveness in whole or in part.
On June 3, 2020, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (June 3 SPA) with certain institutional investors (the June 3 Purchasers) pursuant to which the Company issued and sold, in a registered direct offering (June 3 Offering), an aggregate of 2,971,770 ordinary shares, $0.01 nominal value per share, at a purchase price per share of $1.6825, for aggregate gross proceeds to the Company of $5.0 million and net proceeds of $4.3 million after deducting fees payable to the placement agent and other offering expenses payable by the Company. We offered the ordinary shares in the June 3 Offering pursuant to our universal shelf registration statement on Form S-3. Pursuant to the June 3 SPA, in a concurrent private placement, the Company issued and sold to the June 3 Purchasers warrants to purchase up to 1,485,885 ordinary shares. Upon closing, the warrants became exercisable immediately at an exercise price of $1.62 per ordinary share, subject to adjustment in certain circumstances, and will expire on December 5, 2025. The closing date of the June 3 Offering was June 5, 2020. Warrants to purchase 208,023 ordinary shares, amounting to 7% of the ordinary shares issued under the June 3 SPA, were issued to designees of the placement agent on the closing of the June 3 Offering Upon closing, the warrants issued to such designees were exercisable immediately at an exercise price of $2.1031 per ordinary share, and will expire on June 3, 2025.
On June 30, 2020, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement (June 30 SPA) with certain institutional investors (the June 30 Purchasers) pursuant to which the Company issued and sold in a registered direct offering (June 30 Offering) an aggregate of 3,372,686 ordinary shares, $0.01 nominal value per share, at a purchase price per share of $1.4825, for aggregate gross proceeds to the Company of $5.0 million and net proceeds of $4.2 million after deducting fees payable to the placement agent and other offering expenses payable by the Company. We offered the ordinary shares in the June 30 Offering pursuant to our universal shelf registration statement on Form S-3. Pursuant to the June 30 SPA, in a concurrent private placement, the Company issued and sold to the June 30 Purchasers warrants to purchase up to 1,686,343 ordinary shares. Upon closing, the warrants were exercisable immediately at an exercise price of $1.42 per ordinary share, subject to adjustment in certain circumstances, and will expire on January 2, 2026. The June 30 Offering closed on July 2, 2020. Warrants to purchase 236,088 ordinary shares, amounting to 7% of the ordinary shares issued under the June 30 SPA, were issued to designees of the placement agent on closing of the June 30 Offering. Upon closing, the warrants issued to such designees were exercisable immediately at an exercise price of $1.8531 per ordinary share, and will expire on June 30, 2025.
On October 27, 2020, the Company completed a registered public offering (the October Offering) in which it sold an aggregate of (i) 15,511,537 ordinary shares, $0.01 nominal value per share, (ii) pre-funded warrants exercisable for an aggregate of 11,411,539 ordinary shares and (iii) warrants exercisable for an aggregate of 20,192,307 ordinary shares. The pre-funded warrants were issued and sold to certain purchasers whose purchase of ordinary shares in the October Offering would have otherwise resulted in the purchaser, together with its affiliates and certain related parties, beneficially owning more than 4.99% (or, at the election of the purchaser, 9.99%) of the Company’s outstanding ordinary shares immediately following the consummation of the October Offering, if the purchaser so chose in lieu of ordinary shares that would have otherwise resulted in such excess ownership. The ordinary shares and pre-funded warrants were each offered together with the warrants, but the ordinary shares and pre-funded warrants were issued separately from the warrants. The combined offering price was $0.65 per ordinary share and warrant and $0.64 per pre-funded warrant and warrant. The Company’s net proceeds from the October Offering, after deducting placement agent fees and other estimated offering expenses payable by the Company, were approximately $15.3 million. The warrants are exercisable upon issuance at a price of $0.65 per ordinary share, subject to adjustment in certain circumstances, and expire on October 27, 2025. The pre-funded warrants are exercisable upon issuance at a price of $0.01 per ordinary share, subject to adjustment in certain circumstances, and expire when exercised in full, subject to certain conditions. As of October 31, 2020, pre-funded warrants to purchase 6,284,615 ordinary shares had been exercised for net proceeds of $0.06 million. In connection with the October Offering, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the Purchase Agreement) on October 22, 2020 with certain institutional investors. The Purchase Agreement contains customary representations and warranties of the Company, termination rights of the parties, and certain indemnification obligations of the Company and ongoing covenants of the Company, including a prohibition on issuance of ordinary shares or securities convertible or exchangeable into ordinary shares by the Company for a period of 45 days after the closing of the October Offering and a prohibition on the Company entering into variable rate transactions for a period of 12 months after the closing of the October Offering, subject to certain exceptions. Warrants to purchase 1,884,615 ordinary shares, which represents a number of ordinary shares equal to 7.0% of the aggregate number of ordinary shares and pre-funded warrants sold in the October Offering, were issued to designees of the placement agent on closing of the October Offering. Upon closing, the warrants issued to such designees became exercisable immediately at an exercise price of $0.8125 per ordinary share and will expire on October 22, 2025.
In accordance with Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-15, Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40), the Company has evaluated whether there are conditions and events, considered in aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year of the date of issue of these quarterly condensed consolidated financial statements.
The Company has funded its operations to date primarily with proceeds from the sale of preferred shares and ordinary shares, warrants, debt raised under financing arrangements with SVB including the PPP loan, payments received under the CARB-X program and the proceeds of the Private Placement and Rights Offering. The Company has incurred operating losses since inception, including net losses of $40,820 and $79,489 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and a net loss of $103,130 for the year ended December 31, 2019. The Company had an accumulated deficit of $275,743 as of September 30, 2020 and expects to continue to incur net losses for the foreseeable future. The Company’s future cash flows are dependent on key variables such as its ability to secure additional sources of funding in the form of public or private financing of debt or equity or collaboration agreements.
The Company may not be able to obtain financing on acceptable terms, or at all. The terms of any financing may adversely affect the holdings or the rights of the Company's shareholders. If the Company is unable to obtain funding, it could be forced to delay, reduce or eliminate some or all of its research and development programs or commercialization efforts, which could adversely affect its business prospects, or the Company may be unable to continue operations. Although management continues to pursue these plans, and the Company has successfully raised capital in the past, there is no assurance that the Company will be successful in obtaining sufficient funding on terms acceptable to the Company to fund continuing operations, if at all.
In addition, in parallel, the Company is evaluating its corporate, organizational, strategic, financial and financing alternatives, with the goal of maximizing value for its stakeholders while prudently managing its resources. These alternatives could potentially include the licensing, sale or divestiture of the Company’s assets or proprietary technologies, a sale of the Company, a merger or other business combination, another strategic transaction involving the Company, restructuring activities, winding down of operations, dissolving and liquidating assets or seeking protection under bankruptcy laws. The evaluation of corporate, organizational, strategic, financial and financing alternatives may not result in any particular action or any transaction being pursued, entered into or consummated, and there is no assurance as to the timing, sequence or outcome of any action or transaction or series of actions or transactions.
Based on the Company’s operating losses since inception, the expectation of continued operating losses for the foreseeable future and the need to raise additional capital to finance its future operations, management have concluded there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year from the date this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is issued. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty. Accordingly, the condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a basis that assumes the Company will continue as a going concern and which contemplates the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the ordinary course of business.
COVID-19 Global Pandemic
In December 2019, an outbreak of COVID-19 was reported in Wuhan, China. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a global pandemic and on March 13, 2020, President Donald J. Trump declared the virus a national emergency. This highly contagious disease has spread to most of the countries in the world and throughout the United States, creating a serious impact on customers, workforces, and suppliers, disrupting economies and financial markets and leading to a world-wide economic downturn. It has caused a disruption of the normal operations of many businesses, including the temporary closure or scale-back of business operations and/or the imposition of either quarantine or remote work or meeting requirements for employees, either by government order or on a voluntary basis. The pandemic may impact the ability of the Company’s strategic partners to operate and fulfill their contractual obligations, and result in an increase in their costs and cause delays in performance. These effects, and the direct effect of the virus and any potential disruption on the Company’s operations, may negatively impact the Company’s ability to meet the Company’s strategic targets. The Company’s employees, in most cases, are working remotely due to safety concerns and using various technologies to perform their functions. Additionally, the disruption and volatility in the global and domestic capital markets may increase the cost of capital and limit the Company’s ability to access capital. Both the health and economic aspects of COVID-19 are highly fluid and the future course of each is uncertain. For these reasons and other reasons that may come to light if the coronavirus pandemic and associated protective or preventative measures expand, the Company may experience a material adverse effect on its business operations and financial condition; however, its ultimate impact is highly uncertain and subject to change.
The Company cannot foresee if and when the outbreak of COVID-19 will be effectively contained, nor can the Company predict the severity and duration of its impact. Management is actively monitoring the global situation on its financial condition, liquidity, operations, suppliers, industry, and workforce. Given the daily evolution of the COVID-19 outbreak and the global responses to curb its spread, the Company is not able to estimate the adverse effects of the COVID-19 outbreak on its results of operations, financial condition, or liquidity.
Interim Financial Information
The condensed consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2019 was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2020 and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC for interim financial statements. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2019, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 12, 2020. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the Company’s financial position as of September 30, 2020, and results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, and cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 have been made. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2020.
The entire disclosure for organization, consolidation and basis of presentation of financial statements disclosure.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef